American Scientific Affiliation &
Canadian Scientific & Christian Affiliation
Volume 50, Number 5 SEP/OCT 2008
Specifically, what did we love and why? Well, in the words of Elizabeth Barrett Browning, “Let me count the ways.”
The unifying thread was Micah 6:8, “… [W]hat does the Lord require of you, but to do justice, love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God.” As the sessions progressed, that thread wound through a Philippine jungle, a bioethics dilemma involving a severely retarded child, a climate change panel, a NASA observatory, sustainable agriculture, and what engineers can do to serve the world. And those were just the plenary sessions. Parallel sessions probed the myriad ramifications of Micah’s inspired words.
Scientists are sometimes perceived as isolating themselves in ivory towers. The first weekend of August, 201 attendees debunked that image and listened to role models demonstrating practical ways they are discharging “what the Lord requires.”
Co-Editor Margaret Towne asked several attendees
for their “reactions to the action.” We’re sharing those on
p. 12. But first, let’s summarize the action that occurred at the podium
and lectern. Let’s “count the ways” that they made their
Many anthropologists have a low opinion of missionaries,
saying things like “You can tell a missionary by looking in his ear. If you can see daylight, you know he’s a
missionary.” Anthropologists criticized Wycliffe Bible Translators for
allegedly destroying cultures. So Wycliffe asked missionary and linguist Thomas
Headland to earn a PhD in anthropology, one goal being to help anthropologists
to see missionaries more favorably. Headland devoted Friday night’s
opening plenary session to his experience as “An Exile in
Geographically, Headland’s foreign land was the
Steps to Acceptance
1972 National Geographic published a cover story, alleging the discovery
of a tribe of Stone Age people in the
Doing Justice to a Critic
Napoleon Chagnon was the best-known American anthropologist, whose books had outsold even Margaret Meade’s Coming of Age in Samoa. He had made numerous unsubstantiated charges against missionaries. He got a taste of his own medicine when he was charged with purposely infecting one people group with measles to see how fast a new pathogen would spread in a virgin population. Headland discovered the measles epidemic had begun 5 days after Chagnon went in, and measles has a 12- to 15-day incubation period. The real source of infection was the 27-month-old daughter of a New Tribes missionary. Headland spoke for 3 min. 37 sec. to 3,000 anthropologists, exonerating Chagnon from starting the epidemic. The attitude suddenly changed from hostility to wanting an encore.
Some time later Chagnon asked Headland, “Why did you defend me that night?” Headland answered, “Not because I like you. I haven’t appreciated the way you’ve talked about missionaries. But the truth is you didn’t cause the epidemic,” and truth trumps every other consideration.
If critics see a light emerging from his ears, it’s not sunlight passing through a hollow head. It’s a combination of cerebral brilliance plus sterling integrity.
If you were parents of a 6½-year-old whose mental age would never exceed three months—and who would never walk, talk, or care for herself—what would you do? That was the situation two parents faced. In his talk “Love, Justice, and Humility: Reflections on Bioethics and Medicine,” University of Washington pediatrics professor Douglas Diekema used that case to illustrate the complex ethical decisions unleashed by today’s advanced medical technology. Which of the many things medical personnel can do, should they do?
At an age when most children are in first grade, Ashley X needed assistance even to sit or roll over. She had signs of early onset of puberty. She was in the 75th percentile for length; if she continued exceptional growth, she would be even more difficult to handle. Her parents wanted to care always for her at home but feared they might not be able to if she grew larger. So they requested that the doctor attenuate her growth and give her a hysterectomy and breast budremoval. It wasn’t an unusual request, but it’s difficult to obtain permission for a person who can’t consent. Now that it’s done, they’re happy with the results, explaining,
Ashley can continue to delight in being held in our arms and will be moved and taken on trips more frequently and will have more exposure to activities and social gatherings … instead of lying down in her bed staring at TV (or the ceiling) all day long.
No Decision in a Vacuum
Each decision involves a network of both intended and unintended consequences. Diekema answered various objections that critics raise:
When faced with difficult decisions, Diekema recommends managing them with humility and courage—which sometimes conflict with each other. Even the choice not to move forward is a choice.
Randall D. Isaac
The 63rd annual meeting of the ASA is now history but far from forgotten. If you haven’t done so already, I encourage you to check our website at www.asa3.org and listen to the plenary and contributed talks. If you weren’t there in person, you missed the personal interaction but you can still listen, read most of the slides, and comment electronically.
As is the custom, the executive council met just prior to the annual meeting. A special item on the agenda was a presentation by Jim Smith, MD, chair of the advisory council for Medical Education International (MEI), a mission of the Christian Medical and Dental Associations (CMDA). Jim also gave a contributed paper on Sunday afternoon in Parallel Session IV-B. It is well worth hearing.
I am delighted to announce that the council approved an alliance between ASA and CMDA to focus on science education through MEI. I’d like to devote this column to introducing this alliance and to getting the ball rolling.
Jay Hollman, who
has previously served as a council member and president of the ASA, introduced
me to David Stevens, MD, CEO of CMDA, who spoke with our council by phone at
the March 2008 meeting. We agreed to pursue the possibility of working
together. David introduced us to the director of MEI and to Jim Smith, Chair of
the MEI Advisory Council. Jim lives in the Portland area where he is professor
emeritus of the Oregon Health & Science University. It was very convenient
for Jim to come to
The role of MEI is explained on their website www.cmda.org/mei/ as follows:
The MEI staff has realized that in addition to the medical and dental education needs, many of the international educational institutions need a more basic, or more general, science education. Jay recognized that the ASA membership includes many Christians in science working in education. More than 60% of those responding to our recent survey had worked in an educational institution. The opportunity for ASA members is to join one of the MEI teams. In the words of the MEI website:
MEI teams consist of 2 to 10 energized individuals who commit to share their expertise via clinical and/or academic instruction of healthcare providers around the world. MEI teams spend from one to two weeks in a foreign country, sharing their knowledge in medical schools, universities, and on hospital wards. Participants pay their own trip costs.
The council fully expects that needs for science education will extend beyond the medical and dental schools that are the MEI focus. This alliance is a great start for us since MEI already has experience and the necessary infrastructure in place. Many of you have previously traveled abroad to contribute your science education expertise in developing countries. We plan to establish a website where you can share your experiences and where we can identify and provide information about new possibilities.
Two specific opportunities identified by MEI are a trip
ASA members have shown an eagerness to help our brothers and sisters around the world through the application of science and appropriate technologies for sustainability. Education is a critical piece of that process and I know that many of you will participate as the opportunities arise.
M. –West Chester, PA
Braun, Eric M. –Winter Park, FL
Cisco, Jr., Taylor A. –Oak Park, IL
Combs, Alan B. –Austin, TX
Creamer, Daniel –Wheaton, IL
de Visser, Ewart J. –Fairfax, VA
Dieterle, Megan E. –Kitchener, ON Canada
Dornbos, Jr., David L. –Grand Rapids, MI
Fick, Gary W. –Ithaca, NY
Frankliln, Patrick S. –Oakville, ON Canada
Gillis, Helice A. –North Attleboro, MA
Graven, Richard –Fayetteville, PA
Hansen, David M. –Newberg, OR
Hinrichs, Roger A. –Edmonds, WA
Kerns, James –Perris, CA
Key, Peter B. –Charleston, SC
King, Rollin –St Paul, MN
McMahon, Kerry C. –Beaver Falls, PA
Nelson, Michael P. –Ventura, CA
Platt, Heather A. –Corvallis, OR
Platt, Andrew D. –Corvallis, OR
Polachic, Chris J. –Edmonton, AB Canada
Riggs, Robert J. –Spokane, WA
Siemens, Larry A. –Redding, CA
Smith, Trenton H. –Redding, CA
Sollereder, Bethany N. –Edmonton, AB Canada
Stager, Joshua P. –Corvallis, OR
Trulson, Michael E. –Richardson, TX
Whorton, Mark S. –Huntsville, AL
Young, Sharon –Mustang, OK
Zhao, Yaliang –Andover, MA
Larry Schweiger, president and CEO of the National Wildlife Federation, spoke Saturday evening on “A Proper Response to Global Climate Change.” Larry is concerned about the exploding use of energy. For example, China has doubled its carbon production in seven years. It has added a new power plant every five days, to the extent that it needed to close several to obtain air quality acceptable for the Beijing Olympics. NASA says CO2 concentrations above 350 parts per million can trigger “positive feedback” changes; we are now at 389 ppm.
He cited a wide range of data to establish that climate change is unequivocal. Arctic ice, about the size of the US minus Arizona, is now melting at a nonlinear rate. The Greenland ice sheet melted the equivalent of three Nile Rivers in 2007. Two hundred million Asians live 2 feet or less above sea level and could die as oceans rise.
He said, “It’s not a left-wing/right-wing issue; it’s a moral issue,” involving love of neighbor and care “for the least of these.” Schweiger is co-chairman of the “We Can Solve It” campaign, which Al Gore founded. It consists of 4 Democrats, 4 Republicans, and Schweiger as the Independent.
An Intergenerational Legacy
Schweiger believes that Prov. , “[leaving] an inheritance to his children’s children,” refers to more than money. He concluded, “Let’s work together for our children’s sake.”
NASA astronomer Jennifer Wiseman began by showing an image from spacecraft Cassini, showing Earth as a small “pale blue dot.” She asked, “Is studying the heavens a service to God?” She answered in the words of Psalm 111:2, “Great are the works of the Lord; they are pondered by all who delight in them.”
The biblical writers viewed the heavens as evidence of the God who created. Modern science was enabled by the realization that celestial objects were not divine, but created.
Images and Interpretation
A map derived from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe pictures what she calls the “Let there be light” event: the Big Bang left radiation that fills the universe and can be observed today.
The universe’s expansion is attributable to dark matter, which Wiseman calls “matter that we don’t know what it is.” The energy budget of the universe contains about 73% dark energy, 22% dark matter, and “the stuff we work with” (including atoms) is 4%. This is a fertile field for anyone seeking a career where significant facts remain to be discovered. God would be very pleased if we found out things that he has known all along.
What the Heavens Tell Us about God
Based on the nature of God’s astronomical creation, we can infer certain characteristics about his nature. God appears to be powerful, extravagant (making multiple billions of stars), creative, a lover of beauty, patient (to allow creation to take billions of years), faithful, and the giver and enabler of life. The Christ who walked around Galilee, healing lepers and performing other miracles, is the same one who existed from “before the foundations of the earth.” Our Savior is not an afterthought!
Are Humans Significant?
She answered, “No and Yes. We’re not significant because of our size and place in the universe or our lifespan. But we are significant because of God’s choice to love us.” She quoted Psalm 8, “What is man, that You are mindful of him? … You have made him a little lower than the angels and crowned him with glory and power.”
The worship service followed. What an amazing preparation this presentation was for worshiping the Creator!
Decades before most people had heard the word
“ecology,” C. Dean Freudenberger was
practicing it. He served the
Dean was a landscape architect and environmental activist all rolled into one. I think it was an unofficial graduation requirement that every student had to spend time behind a shovel, actually planting trees or they weren’t going to get out of here with Dean’s blessing.
In that life context, Freudenberger told the Sunday night plenary session that he was gratified to see what had unfolded in earlier presentations, especially those dealing with “sustainability.” The Hebrews understood humans to “have dominion” not to exploit, but to retain order within nature.
What Can We Do?
Just asking that question is progress. A Chinese proverb says, “A good question is an answer in embryonic form.”
To achieve an adequate and sustainable food supply, we must make agriculture sustainable in marginally productive areas. That involves reducing farm runoff and finding alternatives to slash/burn agriculture and livestock factories. Production efficiencies must measure all factors, all production costs, social and economic. Among Freudenberger’s recommendations are:
1. Evaluate your scientific pursuits to assure their relevance. Prepare students for positions that do not yet exist.
2. Ask tough questions. Propose questions that many would consider absurd. Innovative ideas are “off the beaten path,” so don’t be derailed by the fact that traditionalists oppose them.
“Don’t just be an engineer to work with gadgets” but to help people worldwide. That was the challenge Cornell University Dean of Engineering W. Kent Fuchs (pronounced Fox) presented in the Monday morning plenary session.
Not “Just a Job”
Fuchs listed numerous projects that can give engineers a sense of having contributed something to society. His “Engineering Grand Challenges” include
A supplementary video added reverse engineering the brain, health informatics, developing technologies to reduce the Internet’s vulnerability, and carbon sequestration.
Engineers need to be more people- focused, more sensitive to societal concerns. So, Kent is involved with Engineers for a Sustainable World, which is planning a national conference at Northwestern University, Jan. 29–Feb. 1, featuring tracks on Global Public Health, Building the Green Economy, Social Entrepreneurship, and Educating the Next Generation. For more information, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
the Joint Meeting of the
ASA and CSCA
Sometimes attendees wish they had the divine attribute of omnipresence when two or three sessions occur simultaneously in separate rooms. Failing that, we asked the moderators to summarize the high points of sessions ranging from gender roles to alternative energy, alleviating hunger and sickness, and a range of other issues.
The Saturday morning session focused on “Gender Issues in the Sciences.” NASA astronomer Jennifer Wiseman traced the inspiring histories of women in astronomy who overcame skepticism and barriers. She identified the “two-body” problem: Across the scientific disciplines, a high number of women compared to men have spouses with doctorates and face the additional pressures of dual-career job searches and no at-home spouse to provide household support. Christian women in science face special challenges because they don’t fulfill religious stereotypes.
The speakers noted that despite considerable progress, women tend to remain disproportionately responsible for household chores and child raising, taking time from professional activities and lessening the likelihood of advancement. Institutional efforts to provide released time for childbearing, daycare assistance, active mentoring, and additional time for advancement and tenure are helpful.
The afternoon session focused on “What the Sciences Tell Us about Sex, Gender and Sexuality.” Calvin College bioethicist Bud Bouma addressed issues of persons who are intersexed—neither clearly male nor female. They struggle with self-identity, low self-esteem, and suicidal ideation as well as numerous legal issues. Christian faith traditions need to articulate normative teachings on God’s intent in creating us as sexual beings, how sex and gender are affected by the Fall, and how we might best exercise our sex and gender as imitators of Christ. He concluded by advocating an acceptance of intersexed persons to enable them to flourish as imitators of Christ (Matt. –12).
Heather Looy, The
Both sessions generated lively discussion that continued throughout the conference. Of particular interest is the question of how ASA can support and nourish Christian women in science, and both women and men who earnestly seek to follow Christ in their careers and in their family lives. *Hessel Bouma III and Heather Looy
The Saturday morning presenters shared stories of success in the improvement of ecological and environmental care, and the story of a work in progress.
Dave Clements, Trinity Western University Professor of Environmental Science and leader in Christian environmental organization A Rocha, said A Rocha believes spiritual health is connected to the land’s health. It sponsors hands-on conservation projects at field study centers in 18 countries, including planting trees in Ghana to sequester carbon dioxide and to benefit both people and wildlife and working to resolve elephant and human conflicts in India. By helping to restore natural ecosystems, it helps the poor and praises God through incarnational care of his creation.
US Fish and Wildlife Service biologist Angela Kantola shared her project to recover four large
endangered fish species native to the
Industrial chemist Walter Partenheimer explained how he used green chemistry principles to improve processing of terephthalic acid and polyethylene terephthalate, the primary material in water and soda bottles. By changing catalysts, he helped the industry reduce greenhouse gases produced during processing; recycle solvents, catalysts, and plastics; and avoid unnecessary derivatives. At an annual production rate of 14 billion pounds per year, these changes have a big impact on both the environment and the bottom line.
has been helping the governments of
The afternoon session began with four
“Teaching That Moves Beyond
Ideas toward Action” was the subtitle of
Scientific theory and research need to inform the church’s response to mental illness. Matthew Stanford, Baylor professor of psychology, neuroscience, and biomedical studies, studied “the attitudes and perceptions encountered by mentally ill Christians in the local church.” Those suffering serious mental illness often turn to clergy or fellow congregants, but they are often met with denial (“you’re not really ill”), victimization (“you’re sinful or demon- possessed”), or pointed to inappropriate treatments (“you should stop taking drugs”). These silencing or misguided approaches deny the struggling a vital resource for healing. Stanford’s upcoming book, Grace for the Afflicted, illustrates one way scientists can use their work to heal and transform.
Both Lisa and Matthew provided a vision and encouragement to use our power as scientists and teachers to help heal a hurting world. *Heather Looy and Dave Fisher
An underlying theme reflected the creative power of God and the positive trend in evangelical science toward acceptance of such topics as quantum mechanics and evolution.
William Collier raised the question of how we should define science. He argued that a true definition of science was virtually impossible to get at, especially when you juxtaposed diverse perspectives (e.g., the historian of science and the practitioner of science).
George Murphy talked on “Theology and Time Machines.” He mathematically justified particles that exceeded the speed of light and appeared to travel backwards in time. George paralleled this idea to the suggestion that God, too, can influence present processes from the future.
Benjamin McFarland’s talk on artificial protein folding deconstructed protein “dogma.” Benjamin’s lab predicted that the more enthalpically stable the tertiary structure of a protein is, the more stable the binding domain would be and therefore the greater the affinity that protein would have for the substrate or binding partner. They found almost the opposite: proteins with unstable tertiary configurations have enhanced function! They put this finding down to compensation mechanisms in entropy-enthalpy interactions.
took elements from his book in his talk “An Evangelical Natural
Tjalle Vandergraaf discussed energy use relative to four areas: residential (17%), commercial (14%), industrial (38%), and transportation (29%). We must modify these energy needs now by using more nuclear, wind, hydroelectric, and solar energy. We should use railroads more than highways and build smaller buildings, hydrodams, and nuclear and wind generators. Societies based on current energy mix can’t be sustained. Hopefully, the increase in population can be offset by increased energy efficiency.
Chip Mansure spoke on “Geothermal Energy Update: The Solution, a Contributor, a Diversion, or Part of the Problem?” What does it mean to love our neighbor regarding energy use? We must make better technological choices and consider the environment for future generations. He discussed geothermal energy sources such as volcanic eruptions, heat pumps, and hydrothermal resources.
Electrical engineer Annabelle Pratt addressed
“Mitigating the Growth of the Internet’s Energy Use through
Improved Power Distribution.” Today the internet uses 1.5% of
In May 2007, a tornado destroyed 90% of
This session was an eclectic collection of topics on health care. Kathleen Thiessen claimed the decision to fluoridate public water supplies was based more on assumptions than on evidence, saying scientific evidence doesn’t show improvement in socioeconomic disparities in dental health. She said growing concern over fluoridation’s ineffectiveness and potential adverse effects have made little impact on convincing officials to discontinue fluoridation. However, a dentist in the audience challenged her, testifying to a dramatic drop in dental caries with fluoridation.
addressed ethical issues in
Anne Carpenter updated the benefits of new computerized digital-imaging technologies in physically characterizing microorganisms for diagnostic and potentially therapeutic purposes. Such technology can be administered with relatively inexpensive computer software and camera hardware, making it potentially accessible to resource-poor, developing countries.
That presentation dove-tailed nicely into the final presentation, when James Smith summarized numerous opportunities for Christians in health care fields to educate and exemplify Christian love in developing world settings. The use of affordable tools for clinical medicine and for the generation of local research for local problems was but one example of Christian interdisciplinary discipleship that can improve health care for the poorer among us. *James Rusthoven
Leslie Wickman from
Brian Greuel of
Those of us entrusted with students need to model our faith as we train the next generation of scientists and build the faith community. * Dwight Kimberly
Four scientists with extensive experience in developing-world crop production led this session. Martin Price told of his call to found ECHO, a ministry that assists missionaries to increase food production and nutrition in countries where they serve. He highlighted services available and success stories achieved in the past three decades.
David Dornbos, Jr.
Ron Vos of
A truly novel approach to sustainability came from Carl Resler of the University of Texas-Austin, who presented a mathematical model for a system to promote artificial upwelling of nutrient-rich ocean water as a way to facilitate sustainable biological production in coastal ocean regions with the goal of enhancing food availability.
Throughout the talks ran the thread of ideas and techniques to boost food production toward the goal of achieving sustainable agriculture in developing countries. * Jerry Hess
Five presentations that varied in style and content illustrated the diversity with which the interaction of science and faith may be investigated.
Ted Davis of
Mark Shelhamer of Johns Hopkins presented examples that illustrate randomness in nature and framed it within the context that randomness is an intrinsic and beautiful part of God-ordained natural law. He captivated the audience with a selection of demonstrations that illustrated the limitations of both visual and auditory processing.
David Newman (retired from Boeing) continued with the theme of randomness. He noted that nonscientists often do not understand randomness from a scientific perspective and that this misconception has led to confusion and rejection of scientific ideas as being counter to spiritual truth.
Kirk Bertsche from
Stanford gave an overview of radiocarbon dating. He framed his presentation in
the contexts of science both as service and as a response to the recent RATE
report from the
The session was concluded by an atypical yet fascinating response to the question, “Why Did God Create the Sun on the Fourth Day?” given by Paul Seely, a graduate of Westminster Seminary. In poetic style, Paul wove between biblical accounts and other ancient Near Eastern texts, completely from memory, to paint an image of the ordering of the natural world from the perspective of ancient peoples.
The session carried through it the themes of respect for creation, service to Christ, and dedication to excellent science—complimentary themes that bring insight to both the natural world and the nature of God. * Alison R. Noble
Each speaker gave a 15-min. presentation discussing his/her career path, current position, and how he/she sees the interface between faith and his/her profession. Careers represented by the panel included teaching chemistry at a small Christian college, acting as principal investigator of a psychology/ neuroscience laboratory at a research university, leading a multidisciplinary team of scientists conducting functional genomics research at a nonprofit research institute, managing a team that designs products for a large company in the high-tech industry, and doing science policy and program management at a government agency focused on biomedical research. Participants were:
The speakers described reasons for choosing their careers, preparation and training, how previous jobs led to their current positions, their current work, useful skill sets, lessons learned along the way, how they balance work and family or other nonwork activities, and how their Christian worldviews impact their professional lives. After the talks, the speakers engaged in a panel discussion with the audience, with topics, including strategies for succeeding in academic careers and the role of networking in building a career. * Susan Daniels
David Opderbeck explained that the current model for information access is as a nonrival, public economic good—allowing everyone to share without using it up as a resource. Information is “nature as it is.” Postmodern theory says we aren’t learning anything new; information is being constructed from previous ideas. Critical realism says we have a reality of culture given to us, but we can also create/construct culture from it and alter the reality of culture as co-creators with God. Critical realism would treat knowledge and technology as part of an ecosystem. In the case of the internet, idealists would keep information as completely open-source, no governance pragmatists would have the US Government or the Federal Trade Commission govern, and critical realism would have self-government, i.e., participants in the community govern themselves.
To demonstrate how technological distractions can be very harmful, Kenneth Funk presented two examples from aviation (pilots turned off the good engine) and medicine (a surgeon is distracted while filling out a chart, indicates and later removes the good kidney). He brought out the thesis, “Technology can draw our attention from greater good to lesser good, and that is a kind of evil.” As Christians, technological distractions can take us away from pursuing the greatest good: serving God and his kingdom and other people.
Though the Hippocratic Oath is an admirable ethic, James Rusthoven discussed how Christian-based covenantal physician-patient relationships and the patient-supporter relationships could ultimately provide better care. Past covenantal models have lacked a transcendental nature, point to Greek mythology for justification, and focus the power handling on the caregiver side of the relationship. A Christian per- spective includes a necessary dependence on a more primary, superhuman relationship and the essential elements for ethical deliberation and decision-making. * Michael Foster
A very stimulating session was completed by Denis
Leonard Bond, Staff Scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, pointed out that when human population was much smaller, per capita human consumption and waste pro- duction didn’t matter so much; Earth’s systems were large enough to sustain the activity. But with Earth’s population heading toward nine billion, “carrying capacity” is very important. Earth won’t be able to “carry” nine billion humans who consume resources and generate greenhouse gases at the rates presently operative in the G-8 nations. New energy-production technologies are needed, and also population stabilization. Leonard believes the Christian community should lead the way, adding “Business as usual won’t work and rapture theology is irresponsible.” A solution to the war on carbon will solve a plethora of problems—in energy, environment, economy, and foreign policy.
Kansas State University Electrical engineering professor Ruth Douglas Miller followed with a report on her participation in a project to install small- and mid-size wind turbines at K–12 schools in several western states. The installations reduce the schools’ electricity bills and pay for themselves in six to ten years. Additional benefits include teaching students about renewable energy, kindling their interest in science and engineering, and reducing public opposition to wind energy and small utilities’ apprehension about it. “God brought this project about,” Ruth says. The project has been sponsored by National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and Ruth is hoping for renewal and extension with the next administration.
Environmental biologist Joe Sheldon recently retired from
NOTE: Summary of III-C. Students and Early Career Network had not reached us by press time. All sessions are available in audio format on the ASA website, www.asa3.org.
Sept. 18. ASA
Greater Chicago chapter, Cress Creek Country Club,
Sept. 18–19. “Are We Safe
Yet? Vulnerability and Security in an Anxious Age,”
Sept. 26–27. The
Biblical Archaeology Society seminar,
Sept. 29. Consortium
Oct. 2. Metanexus Lecture Series,
“The Dignity of Difference,”
Oct. 3–4. Skeptics Society
Oct. 19. Mini-Conference on
“Faith, Integration and the Life of the Christian Scholar,” Rivendell House,
Oct. 23–25. “Bottom-up
Approaches to Global Poverty: Appropriate Technology, Social Entrepreneurship,
and the Church.”
30–Nov. 2. The International Christian Studies Association, under the
leadership of Oskar Gruenwald is having
a conference in
Nov. 14. Christian Fellowship
of Human Geneticists,
Nov. 21–23. Bible
and Archaeology Fest, Radisson Hotel,
Glenn was a long-time leader in ASA in the Washington-Baltimore Section … I attended Fourth Presbyterian Church with Glenn, and got to know him better when we worked together copying tapes for the C. S. Lewis Institute in the 1980s. What impressed me about Glenn was his cheerfulness … He had an optimistic outlook on the world, and he demonstrated that most clearly when his wife, Grace, became a victim of Alzheimer’s … [Glenn] founded the Alzheimer’s Disease Association of Maryland, one of the first such organizations in the country, to provide support and raise awareness of this disease … He went on to become one of the country’s leaders in this area … He was one of the finest men I have ever met.
Margaret Towne asked several attendees what they considered “high points” of the meeting. Responses included:
The Newsletter of the ASA and CSCA
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©2008 American Scientific Affiliation (except previously published material). All rights reserved.
Editors: David Fisher, Margaret Towne
Managing Editor: Lyn Berg