in Christian Perspective
THE PLAN IN THE FIRST CHAPTER OF GENESIS
By R. T. Fulwood
From: JASA, 2,
Is Gen. 1:1: ORIGINAL CREATION, or beginning of the earth's career.
II. Gen. 1:2s A RUIN (tohu): Dissolution, or chaos.
The duration of this first condition not given.
The duration of this second condition not given.
III. Gen. 10:
RE-CREATION, or resurrection from ruin in six days.
THE SIX DAYS WORK AND THE REST DAY
(Beginning at verse 3)
First three days:
Second three days:
MATTER, or Physical Divisions:
MOTION, or Organized Powers:
lat Day: LIGHT
LIGHTS (organized) 4th Day.
2ad Day: AIR divides WATERS
AIR & WATER LIFE 5th Day.
3rd Day: (a) EARTH APPEARS
(a) EARTH LIFE 6th
7th Day: COMPLETE HARMONY, or REST
Probably the majority of those who are more or less familiar with the account
of creation in the first chapter of Genesis do not suspect the existence of the
precise, clearly defined plan which it contains. A long period of study of this
chapter has revealed some very interesting
features of this plan which it is the
writer's purpose to present as clearly as possible, and having thus condensed an much
was able, he would suggest that the article be read over the second time in
order to arrive at a clear understanding of the deep significance of the plan.
Hebrew equivalent of the word "create", meaning to bring into existence a
now thing, is used on three occasions
the entire chapter, viz:--in the first
verse, in verse 21 (Fifth day) and
verse 27 (Sixth day), or at the introduction
respectively of Matter, the animate Soul and the human Spirit. On other occasions
the word "made" is used, signifying the working with material previously existent.
There is a definite distinction in character between the subjects of the first
three*days, which are masses, stationary In relation to their surroundings, representing Matter, and those of the second days which are multitudes of separate
units, either organism or comprising organizations but all moving, and representing Motion,
or Force. This grouping is a further evidence of method or plan in
Another marked feature is the order in which the subjects are presented and the
correspondence between the first and fourths second and fifth$ and third and sixth
days regarding the nature of the subject treated ("Light" and "Lights".. etc.). By
referring to the outline above and reading across the page this will become clear.
This is carried out so
completely that even the form of a supplementary addition on
the third day of the first group is repeated on the third day of the second, the words
"And God said,* introducing a new subject, occurring twice on these two days
appearing but once on each of the other days.
The above features are merely external evidences of careful arrangement but
they are doubtless sufficient to show that this account is no haphazard collection
of assorted legends as has been claimed.
words in the first
verse, state the original creation.
"In (the) beginning God created (the)
earth." By omitting
the word "the" which does not appear in the Hebrew language me
have the same number
of words in English. This is an isolated statement, denoting an aoristic point in
time: possible ages upon ages prior to all the succeeding portion of the account.
"Seven" among the Hebrews, and in its usage throughout the Bible, indicates the
completion or "perfection" of the matter in hand and the inference is therefore
perhaps fairly warrented that a finished or completed condition of the earth at that
time is signified by these seven words. This view is not only warranted by the text
but is in perfect analogy with the spiritual doctrine developed later, there is no
contradiction of it by any other scriptures and it is in complete accord with the
discoveries of science, God is light, and his work perfect from its beginning. He
does not create ruins, nor work in darkness$ which condition we find the earth in
in the second verse. This
method are the work of the Adversary.
The second verse reads: "And the earth was without form
"and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of
the face of the waters." This
indicate a lapse from
complete state, if the above
correct, In any event there
is no indication as to the duration of this desolate
may have lain
thus for long ages. Geology indicates such lapses
in its history.
The six days work in restoring the earth to its present condition really begins
with the third verse of the chapter, These days are divided by the nature of the
subjects, into two groups of three days each, followed by the one day of rest which
should have been included in this chapter.
Reference to the summary above will show that the entire range of Matters
viz:- the Ether, Gases Liquids and Solids,
in their ordinary, typical representatives which are Light, Air, Water and
Earth, respectively, is comprehended in this
first series of days. The supplement at the conclusion of this group is
and it is a noteworthy fact that Vegetation is the combination in one organism, or
unit of life, of all the physical divisions that have preceded it
days, in its chlorophyl, or coloring and assimilating force (Light) its breathing
leaves (Air), its sap (Water), and its fibre, or mineral matter (Earth). It thus
sum up and completes the subject of Substance, or Matter, and it would even appear
that this elementary and purely physicals or material, form of LIFE is the ultimate
object for which the various physical form which have preceded it exists and their
culmination; for the humbles fragile blade of grass while almost
in appearance to these mighty masses of matter, is superior
to them in
nature, having the power of growth and reproduction. And while it lays hold of and uses
them all in its internal economy, they combine to serve it externally, also an the
Light, or "radiant energy" as we now have it in the sun, by means of the Air causes
evaporation of the Water which is carried over the land in clouds, falls in rain and
moistens the Earth in order to produce food for the plant. Thus these various divisions converge into the plant as a
focus, and having been combined and converted
into food for the animate creation through the wonderful transforming power of its
minute cells they are expanded again by the process of growth. This is nothing less
than the finger of God. "Adaptation to environment," "survival of the fittest," the
theory of the transmission of life to this plant from some other by the agency of
light, and other suchf1potheses which have been offered to account for the appearance
or development of
life on the earth, fail to
to give any head to the marvelous arrangement of the mighty system which we see
practical operation every day
for the perpetuation of life.
The plant being the focus through which inert material is converted into life
fittingly occupies the central place in this six days work, at the termination of
the third day; and there is a gradual expansion of development in the following three
days which confirms the fact of the termination of the third day being a focal point.
become clearer as the subject is developed.
It is plain that Vegetation completes this first series, or group of days, and
this view is further confirmed by the fact that on the succeeding day - the fourth -
the account retums to the subject of the first day, - "LIGHT," beginning another
series; but it is now in the form of an organized system of "LIGHTS" in their relation to the earth.
"MATTER" having been summed up in this first series of days, and combined in
the mystery of life in the plant organism, this subject may be considered as closed,
and we are led to expect something beyond Matter in the second series. We find it in
MOTION or FORCE
Force, or Power, per se, is always invisible, but the effect of Power is
motion in some form. The inert earth is dependent upon the sun for its enercy and,
all the power expressed in motion on the earth is derived from the sun.
on this fourth day, beginning a new series with "POWER," made visible through motion,
as its theme, the scene of operations is transferred from the earth to the heavens,
where the source of the earth's energy is located, Hitherto in the account the
physical earth has been the theme, but now a new field is entered upon where invisible
powers as exhibited by their effects claim our attention. These powers, it is
are expressed through widely varying visible, physical bodies, but the hidden powers
themselves are the true subjects of the second three-day group.
the Fifth Day the moving soul is created with the power to Love
(higher in quality than the mightiest mechanical power) and with the new power of
automatic, or self-directed movement. The Hebrew equivalent for the word "create"
(Bara) meaning to bring into being that which
did not previously exist (as distinguished from "making" or adjusting, in different
relations, previously existent
things) is used on three occasions, only, in the entire chapter, as has been stated
above, and it is striking that these occasions should be the introduction of the
Physical (BODY), the Emotional (SOUL) and the Intellectual (SPIRIT) factors, which
comprise everything that is contained in the universe as we know it.
On the Sixth Day the embodied Spirit. Man, is created. Man is the epitome of
the universe. As Vegetation, in a supplement to the first three-day series, sums up
the several divisions that have preceded it, so Man in a corresponding supplement to
the second three-day series sums up and combines in his triune being all that has
preceded him in the entire six days. And as the plant has the power to lay hold of
the incorporate within its purely physical system the various material, visible
elements surrounding it, so Yanj, the invisible although embodied spirit, is able to
lay hold of invisible forces, surrounding him, to adapt them to his uses according
to invisible laws, chemical and mechanical, and to conceive and create an entirely
new combination of matter and force, such as the steam engine, to serve his uses.
The third division, as shown in the summary, is the seventh day which is set
apart from the other six.
The first three-day group is static in character: its units or divisions,
as a whole, maintain unvarying relations towards each other.
The second group of three-days is dynamic: its myriad variety of forms is in
constant motion - and unrest, the animal world pursuing and being pursued: a condition shared by mankind morally.
Following this is the seventh day, characterized as a day of Rest: not
extinction. Rest implies life, but life without disturbance, in complete harmony
with its environment.
NATURE OF PHENOMENA PRESENTED ON THE SEVERAL DAYS
A brief review of the days will show a logical progression in the order of
their subjects, and just the order that we might expect in a material world projected
by a Spirit-God, i.e. from spiritual, or unseen, to material forms, as in the first
three-days; and from invisible and unrecognized powers to conscious and recognized
capacities and faculties as in the second group. The account is extremely brief and
condensed, considering the vastness of the subject and apparently merely serves as
an introduction to the Career of Man on the earth. But while the phenomena are presented very
simply, as they would appear to the untutored human being in all ages,
the successive developments and adjustments are entirely logical in their order.
Ist Day-LIGHT: On this day light is brought in on the face of the deep, where,
as stated in the second verse, darkness had been. Contrary to the popular notion it
is not stated that light was created on this day; after its use in the first verse
the word "create" does not appear again until the fifth day is reached. The light
appears here without a visible source, and it is light, per se, apart from its source
or its effects, that is the subject here.
Light is the most ethereal or spiritual of all the phenomena recognizable by
our senses. We are cognizant of its presence or absence but its nature has not yet
been satisfactorily analyzed. Light and Heat are classed together under the general
term of "Radiant Energy." and the chief characteristic of light is radiation in an
directions, It is thus pre-eminently a centre of influence; it reveals true conditions wherever it
appears, and it is the visible
the presence of
2nd Day-4IR: The "firmament." or expanse, is the elastic sphere of air, some
forty miles in thickness, which envelopes the earth. (See the fifth day, where
fowls fly in the "open firmament of heaven.")
The air is the great means, or medium, (a) of communication: while creating
no sound itself, it is the means of communicating all sounds, particularly speech, by
which we communicate our thoughts. (b) It is also the means, or method, of life of
every organism, plant or animal, on the earth. (c) It is the means of producing
vegetation by distributing moisture over the earth in the clouds.
Thus the Air is characteristically the great agent, means or servant.
3rd Day- (a) EARTH- On the first part of the third day no new feature is
introduced.. but there is a new adjustment of the earth and waters, the dry land being
raised above the waters, which had theretofore buried it beneath them.
The solid earth is inert and stable. Acted upon, but not active and thus
characteristically an "Effect" as distinguished from the former features.
The principles of Cause, Means and Effect are thus represented in their due
order in these first three days.
3rd Day- (b) VEGETATION: Vegetation is the e1ementar7 form of organismp or
life, wherein different parts contribute harmoniously to form a living whole or unit;
and as noted above it is either composed of, or represents in its economy, the three
forms of matterj, viz.- gases, liquids, and solids, and the hypothetical ether.
Reviewing the series briefly we find a
UNIFORM PROGRESSION FROM SPIRITUAL TO MATERIAL FORMS
Before the six days work was begun the watery waste, shrouded in darkness,
lay before the Creator.
Then light, the most ethereal, spiritual element recognizable by the senses,
is brought in upon it.
Then the Air, or typical gas, invisible but having density, divides the waters
above from those beneath, the latter, of course,9 being those enclosed within the air
Then the Waters, or typical liquid, with still greater density, are gathered
together and given their place in the scheme.
Then the Earth, proper, or dry 1~and, the most solid, stable and dense of all
these forms of matter, is resurrected, as it were, from beneath the waters.
Finally the Plant, the combination of these forms in an organism, springs up
out of the earth.
Note the orderly progression from the non-material yet visible, to the most
solid material. Beginning with the visible representation of power, which is nearest
in character to the Creator ("God is Light") who is a Spirit, and descending through
gradually denser forms to a solid body.
The ingressive development is also noteworthy: The light is seen upon, or
outside of the watery -waste; then the air sphere enters and divides the maters; then
the waters beneath the air sphere in their turn are parted and the solid ground is
brought up from beneath them. Finally, out of the inert land itself, thus resurrected from
burial, the Plant, or living organism appears: Life springs out of that
which was dead and buried. The Plant continues as the type of resurrection life in
nature drawing its nourishment from that which is dead and decayed, giving it a new,
living body and transforming it into wholesome food for higher types of life, Again:
it flourishes through the summer, dies, apparently, in the winter, and rises again
in new life in the spring. It appears here on the third day, which is the day or
resurrection throughout the Bible (Hosea 6:2; Luke 24:7; Rev. 11:11, etc.) That it
is a symbol of resurrection life is confirmed by the Great Teacher himself in John
12s24: "Except a corn of wheat f411 into the ground and die it abideth alone; but
if it die it bringeth forth much fruit." He applies this to his own death in the 32,nd
and 33d verses of the same chapter. And a very beautiful symbol it
is of resurrection
life: leaving the earth behind, as it grows, it rises toward the light from heaven
it reflects, partially, in the varied color of its leaves and flowers and
fruits, as the Christian partially,.. and imperfectly reflects some features of the
moral glories which together give us some idea of the great white light of the
character of God,
4th DRY-LIGHTS: On this day the present existing relations between the earth
and the heavenly bodies are established. The earth bears its own witness of a
glacial period, showing that these relations have not always continued just as we
find them today. And if the six days work of the chapter be a resurrection of life,
and of conditions which permit of life which have become extinct in a desolate, dead
earth, and we believe the
record shows it is then the restoration of
light and heat to it by the sun at this time is in complete accord with the remainder of the account, it is not stated that either the
sun, moon, or stars were created
at this time. On the other hand.. given a Creator, in
the beginning , he must have
absolute power to effect changes in that which he has made when and how he will, and
cannot even be fettered by the "laws of nature" without making him inferior to those
laws. Such a Creator is unthinkable. laws are incapable of changing their operation.*
are without volition or consciousness and are thus inferior even to mankind, and a
God who is incapable of suspending or changing his laws at will is no God.
subject was introduced on the first day, where it appears without
a physical source, indicating that Light, per se, apart from its source or effects,
was the subject there. In the description of this Fourth Day the effects or relations
of the "Lights" toward the earth are dwelt upon at length, and the heavenly bodies
themselves are passed over with slight mention. The "Lights" rule over the earth in
that it is dependent upon them for light, heat, power and guidance and its changes
of season and "times" are determined by its constantly varying attitude towards
them. The relations between these heavenly bodies and the earth, the components of
a vast complex
organization, more accurate than the finest mechanism, are not maintained, an are the relations of matter in the plant organism of the preceding day,
by visible, physical contact, but by great, invisible, counteracting Forces* And
from this day forward, in the account, while differing physical forms are
it is their invisible forces, powers or being which are the subject, these being far
higher and more important than the mere material through which these powers find
On the Fourth Day Notion..or change of location, which is visible manifestation of power in action, is introduced. Tremendous in its sweep through space but
on the other hand entirely involuntary, and impelled and controlled by blind, external
force. Hence-4t is inferior in character to the almost infinitely more limited but
self-impelled and directed motion of the animals which appear on the succeeding day.
5th Day--AIR AND WATER LIFE: On this day fish and fowl are created. Here we
find an organism - not a mere mass of matter - in motion which is voluntar7 and
self-controlled, the forces that move the body being lodged within it,$ and the controlling
force denominated the "living soul." The method of motion of the birds and fishes$
which swim in the air and water as the planets in space, is a complete contrast to
the circular, orbital mode, in one direction only,$ without resistance of the preceding day# being produced by a
reciprocal, or forward and reverse movement of wings
or fins, and progress being made by opposing force from within to resistance from
without in the air and water. In its physical structure the animal is usually
bilateral or "paired" in almost an its parts or organs, many species mate or live
In pairs, and birds and fishes characteristically among animals migrate or move to
and fro in large masses at certain seasons, as impelled by a common instinct. In
its physical structure and movements of the number "2" appears to be stamped on the
animal, and this appears as well in its souls or emotional qualities
The invisible soul of the animal is in communication with the visible creation
by five channels of perception, or sensation: with the light by the eyes; with the
air by the ears and nose, and with the earth and its vegetation by touch and the
mouth. The animal soul manifests through these channels, two great conflicting
qualities, broadly speaking, which comprehend all lesser ones, vJ%:-- Love and
or Attraction and Repulsion. And as love is constructive and uniting in all its
degrees of manifestation and hate is destructive and disintegrating, conversely,
these opposed qualities show the animal to be a concrete
representation of Force and
Resistance# or Positive and Negative influence, or in other words a visible expression
in an organism of duality, conflict and opposition.
6th Day-(a) EARTH LIFE: As remarked before, this Sixth Day, or third of the
second group, is divided into two parts like the third day of the first group. On
the first part of this day the land animals or four-footed beasts are made. There
is, of course, no radical difference in nature between these and those previously
created. They are a new adjustment, adapted to land travel with their four feet as
the birds and fishes with their wings and fins are to the air and water, respectively.
The method of progress
the surface of the ground is more limited than that of the
birds and fishes, and it is among the land animals that man has found these which
are readily subject to him and which he keeps
in flocks and herds for his service.
Note the remarkable parallel between this new adjustment and nothing more, on
the first half of this day and the same feature on the first half of the third
regarding the earth and water. (See 9rd Day - (a) EARTM).
Day-(b) MAN: The creation of Man. apart from the animals and as superior
to them, is the prominent feature of this day, and is emphasized by the two parts into
'which it is divided. The word "Create" occurs in this connection for the third
as noted above, showing that this being is a new and higher order. There is no radical difference between the body of man and that of the animal. The animals also
exhibit soul qualities, or emotions, very similar to those of man; but the animal
soul is incapable of conceiving, or being influenced by, an- object or purpose outside of the range of its five organs of
sensation, or consciousness of visible surroundings. We can conceive of no mere animal voluntarily going to the stake to be
burned for the sake of allegiance to an invisible being who has never been visible
to it. Such things have been done by the embodied spirit, Man. Spiritual realities
are invisible, and the invisible spirit alone can apprehend them. The man was
created independent; not bound by the law of instinct as the animals, although he
shares its operation to some extent with them. He is able to make new laws for
himself, governing his own conduct and that of others, and even to modify the operation of physical laws by opposing one to another. The invisible spirit of man
manifests itself thus in its perception of and active relation to the invisible
realm of force and law,
Vegetation at the close of the first series of days is the organizer of physical
forms, but mankind at the close of the second series dominates and organizes invisible
forces, according to invisible laws, producing visible effects according to his
will. The human spirit thus dominates its surroundings and by ruling and controlling
them shows itself to be 11firstt' or supreme, as the animal soul~, by its continuous
conflict,9 manifests its position to be "second."
Reviewing this second series we find that it sets forth the visible effects,
in action, of successively higher
POWERS: FROM BLIND ACTIVITY TO CONSCIOUS
1. On the first day of this series (4th) day the source of all mechanical
power on the earth is shown and we see the effects of its action.. in combination
with the invisible power of
Gravitation, in the regularly recurring changes of seasons,
day and night and months and years on the earths resulting from the motion communicated to it. Unconscious, unresisting obedience to external power may be said to
characterize this action, or mode of motion of the earth.
2. On the second day (5th) an emotional powers the "living soul" is presented:
a being conscious of tangible, visible objects, by the senses, but of nothing intangible or invisible; expressing opposed qualities of Love and Hate towards other
beings; having the faculty of self-directed movement by the exertion of force from
within upon outward resistance, motion and progress being thus produced by conflict;
a method far higher than that exhibited on the preceding day, i.e. by blind force
from without overcoming inertia.
3o On the third of ' these days (6ths second part) a spiritual power, Man, is
created in the image of the creator ("God is a Spirit"). Here is a being conscious
of himself as an invisible, individual "Ego"; perceiving invisible forces and laws
surrounding h ims and even apprehending the Creator himself; capable of controlling
and-guiding his own and otherts actions, and of manipulating material and subjecting
it to the action of invisible forces and laws to produce such effects as he chooses.
This dominant, conscious force is the opposite extreme from the mechanical motion
seen on the first of these days.
Finally it will be noted that the gradation is perfect: Automatics unconscious
motion in subjection to external forces followed by internal and external conflict,
and this succeeded by conscious control or supremacy over forces and material. As
in the first series of days the development was from what makes visible, or the light
itself, toward material density and visibility, so in this series of successive powers
the development is from unconscious activity.. through consciousness of visible surroundings, to consciousness of invisible powers, and thus of the invisible Power -
the Creator - God. The first series is objective development; the second, subjective
development, and the purpose is the same in both series. viz: - The revelation of the
invisible Creator in his material universe and to his created being. Man, in whom the
material is united with the spiritual.
In mankind the highest power on earth - Intellect - is united with the highest
type of physical organism.
These six days of work are followed by a Sevenths designated as a day of Rest,o
which is a day without an evening. It has a beginning but no ending. The temporal
is thus united with the eternal, and on this day, which extends out into
God rests. It is numbered as an earthly day, but it is "sanctified" or set apart from
all the others and nothing is created or made in it. But why should the Creator, the
source of all power, rest? And why does the infinite God mark out an earthly day on
which to rest? It is a "7th" and thus be inference a "perfect" one and it goes beyond
his six days creative work which culminates in Man. If we turn to later Scriptures
they tell us of one who answers to this descriptions in whom the temporal is united
with the eternal in a perfect being who is called "Emmanuel" or "God with us," and
we are told in Colossians 2:16,17, that Christ is the body of which this sevenths, or
sabbath day is the prefiguring shadow; who was not created (as nothing was created on
this seventh day) but of whom it was said "in the fullness of time God sent forth his
son, made of a woman" (Gal.
4:4); and again "Wherefore when he cometh into the world,
he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me"
(Heb. 10:5); and again "therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee
shall be called the Son of God' (Luke 1:35); in whom the Creator found rests as stated
in John 102-34, "1 saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove and it abode
upon him;" and "Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending and remaining -- this
is the Son of God;" who was separated from other men, - "holy, harmless, undefiled and
separate from sinners" (Heb. 7:26)s as this seventh day is set apart from the other
days. In whom we find rest, as well as the Creators as in Matt. 11:28, "1 will give
You rest-" Concerning whom it is said "For it pleased the Father that in him should
all fullness dwell; and having made peace by the blood of his cross by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by
him I say, whether they be things in earth or things
in heaven." (Col. 1:20) So that complete harmony and rest in God's creation are to
be found eventually in Him.
The foregoing exposition of the phenomena in this chapter does not however,
set forth the principal underlying theme, which, as elsewhere throughout the Bible,
is spiritual truth. if we fail to consider this we shall miss entirely the Creator's
thought in giving us this record.
SPIRITUAL SIGNIFICANCE OF GENESIS I IN THE LIGHT OF
As in the microcosm - Man, the material portion of his being serves to give outward expression to his invisibles spiritual
nature, so in the great universe, or microcosms the material but serves to reflect the spiritual of which it is the visible
shadow. The Spirit God is infinitely superior to his material, created universes and
to Him the material, vast
may bej, is but as shadow compared with the spiritual
reality. Hence the prominence given to spiritual themes as compared with material in
the scriptures. The creation of the material world occupies but one chapter: the
spiritual history of mankind requires volumes. These volumes are divided into two
sets of books known as the "Old Testament" and "New Testament-, The old Testament is
bounded by an earthly horizon and-is devoted to the Creator's dealings with his
earthly peoples the Hebrews, or natural descendants of Abraham, as the children of
the first Adam. But the New Testament begins with the Kingdom of Heaven" and its
theme is the Second Adam, the "Lord from heaven" (I Cor.
and his heavenly
peoples the church
which is a new, spiritual body not mentioned at all in the Old
Testament. The spiritual realities and powers set forth in the New Testament are not
visible to the natural eye except by their effects, but are revealed only to the
spirit by faith.
The analogy between the foregoing contrasted dispensations and the contrasted
groups of days, on the first set of which different visible,
set forth, while in the second three days hidden powers only as manifested by their
effects are seen is obvious. And this is no mere arbitrary arrangement but is due
to the inherent anct inevitable unity and harmony of Truth, whether expressed in the
physical or spiritual realms so that we should expect to find the same order of
procedure in both.
In God's revelation of himself we find Him distinguished as three persons: Father, Son and Holy Spirit* The
Father, or first person of the trinity is revealed
as the originators source of life, "first cause" or power. In lot John we read "God
is light." Light in the material world is the manifestation of power in action and
is a radiant source of influence whose presence reveals the truth of conditions and
the correspondence of the properties of light, as shown in the first day of our
chapter, with the revelation of God as Father is obvious. Furthermore, the effect
of light on this first day is to dispel the darkness which surrounded the chaotic
earths and the revelation of God has the same effect on man, morally, as shown by
4:3-6 "God who commanded the light to shine out of darkness hath shined in
our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of
The Son, or second person, is the dependent, obedient one, limited and controlled by 'he will of the Father; the one who does not act from himself.. but
carrying out the Father's will, and "took upon him the form of a servant." He is the
Mediator or means of communication between God and man (I Tim. 2:15); He is called
the "Word" (or means of communication - message); "the Word made flesh" (John 1:1,2);
the "obedient servant" (Phil. 2:6-8) and the sustainer of all things (Heb. 1:3 and
Col. 1:17). The analogy between the natural characteristics of the Air, on the second
day, and these spiritual ones of the Second person is apparent. The air is a sphere..
thus expressing limitation; it is that of which words are formed, which are the means
of communication; it is the mighty servant, carrying the life-giving moisture from
the oceans over the land; and finally it is the means of sustaining life in every
breathing, living thing.
The air sphere being introduced into the waters has the effect of dividing them, sustaining the portion of them which is raised up and purifying it of its
so that it descends on the earth as rain, giving life to the vegetation and
water to mankind, for his uses; the remaining portion being left in its original
condition. So Christ, introduced into this moral scene$ divides mankind at once
into two parties, well illustrated by the two thieves on the crosses beside him.
Both were equally guilty, but one acknowledged him as Lord and is with him today in
Paradise, raised up and purified, according to his promise.. the other reviles and
despises him, and is - where? So, also, in each individual soul the entrance of
Christ by faith at once produces conflict of desires, the old, dead nature to continue
in sin and the new, or Christ nature desiring to be free from it, as shown in Romans
The Holy Spirit, the third person of the Trinity, pervades the material and
works through it but remains ever invisible and his presence and activity are manifested whether in the material or spiritual
realm, only by the transformations he
effects in the subjects of his work. The third person of the Trinity is always
spoken of as effecting resurrection, as in Romans 8:11; 1 Pet- 3:18. He is the great
Organizer (I Cor. 12:11-13); the producer of fruit (Gal. 5:22). The resurrection of
the dry land from beneath the waters on the third day and plant or living organism
from it "whose seed is in itself," producing fruit, manifesting by its
growth the mysterious,$ hidden life force within it and
transforming dead and decayed
material into beautiful, living forms, together present a perfect analogy with the
work of the Spirit in the Spiritual realm.
Thus the Father is the source of Truth and Life, the Son or 'Word" declares the
Father, or is the means whereby His character is made known to man, objectively3, and
the Holy Spirit works in the hearts of men subjectively to make the message effective
Returning, for a moment, to the second verse of the chapter, the earth is there
seen in a state of complete ruin and desolation: darkness covers the face of the deep
and the waters have submerged the earth, so that there is no place for life to exist.
This is also a graphic picture of the spiritual
man away from God. How
two new elements from above are introduced: -the light from heaven dispels the darkness and the air, or
earth-heavens, divides the waters, raising up a part of them and
turning that 'water which had been death and a burial shroud to the earth into the
means of life upon it by the rain-bearing clouds. On the third day the land is raised
from beneath the waters and then the two life-giving elements from above are united
by the agency of the third, the invisible life force with the two resurrected and
readjusted ones from beneath (i.e, the purified waters and the earth) in one living
organism - the Plant. This is the doctrine of resurrection life in symbol: The Holy
Spirit, the great Organizer, unites the spiritually dead mortal with God himself in
a new and living spiritual creation, "and this life is in His
Christ came as
a Hebrew, at the close of their dispensation and in fulfillment of the promise to
Abraham that in his "Seed" should all nations be blessed (Gal- 3:16). He grew up as
a tender plant (Isa. 53:2) the humble herb of the field, and as the corn of wheat
must fall into the ground and die in order to bring forth fruit, so His death is the
source of all spiritual life for men, through His resurrection. Death is the food of
life throughout nature, and every morsel of animal flesh we eat symbolizes that
death is necessary in order that we may have life. God teaches in His word that death was
necessary to His Son that we might have spiritual life with Him. So nature's book is~
teaching us also, every day, a direct contradiction of the theory, built on hypotheses
and not facts, of the "Ascent of Man." For we do not see the evolution, or transmutation, of one species into another going on about us in
nature, but on the contrary
in its four great kingdoms, the Mineral, Vegetable, Animal and Human we see a wonderful
process of DEATH AND RESURRECTION going on constantly, wherein the higher form of life
reaches down, as it were, and takes the lower up into itself, the lower dying out of
its existence as a lower form and being incorporated with the higher in a new
with a new identity. Thus-
The Vegetable takes up the Mineral;
The Animal takes up the Vegetable;
The Human takes up the Animal and Vegetable--
and there is me step higher, which we find in 2 Cor. 5:17: "Therefore if any man
be in Christ Jesus he is a new creature (or 'creation')." In other words--
God takes up the Human in new, or resurrection, life.
The doctrine of the Book and the doctrine of nature agree. Who made both?
Plant life from the dead and buried earth, or the meeting point of life and
death on the earth, at the close of the third day, is immediately succeeded by the
shining forth of the Sun in the heavens on the fourth. So Christ - "being found in
fashion as a man, humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of
the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which
is above every name" Phil. 2:8,9. Having ascended to heaven, after His resurrection,
He shines forth from there as the world's spiritual light. On earth it was the
lowliest of the low, like the wheat which is not a lofty tree.. but a lowly herb, yet
produces the principal sustenance of mankind, but now in heaven He has all power in
heaven and on earth, is the "Prince of the kings of the earth" and his countenance is
as the sun shineth in his strength". Rev. 1:5,16. So on this fourth day the
light and source of power is seen as a physical body from which the light emanates,
and the earth's relationship with this body is defined as a subject one. The earth
revolves around the sun as its centre and is bound to it by an invisible force. Here
the Christian's relationship to the risen Christ is set forth. Having received new,
resurrection life he is bound to Christ, the "Sun of righteousness" (Mal. 4:2) by a
spiritual bond which cannot be broken, although he may turn away at times and become
cold,; yet the life has not departed as that in the earth is not lost during its -
winter's sleep. This relationship involves change, or vicissitudes.. on the earth -
cold and heat, day and night, etc.,
to Christ involves trial to
the Christian in this world. But as the vast storehouse of physical energy derived
from the sun is available for man, and only needs the application by him of the
proper means to render it useful, so spiritual energy is made just as free to the
Christian by obedience and prayer.
As the animals on the fifth day make progress by opposing the force within to
the resistance from without, and each has its own peculiar way of getting its food
and manifesting activity, so the Christian rejoices in the power of this new life
but finds resistance to it in all the world around him, including his own old
and that the only way to make progress, spiritually, is in the exercise of his new
power against the resistance. He finds food for his new life in the Word of God, but
this is not laid out for him in a convenient set of formulas which will can for no
effort for their understanding. It requires the exercise of his-new powers to get
this food (just as all animals must exercise their powers to get theirs) and he
becomes vigorous, spiritually, in proportion as he digests this food and exercises
his "own proper gift" spiritually. He is called upon to live a life of love and service, building up himself and his
fellows, or in other words live a Positive life of faith, hope, and
love, but on the other hand he may give way to hate and selfishness, destroying or tearing down himself and his fellows in a Negative course of
doubt, synicism and egotism and his course will determine the measure of his eternal
benefit or lose.
As the land animals, presented on the sixth day2 are divided into "Cattle, the
beast of the earth and creeping things," so men may submit themselves to their Lord
His service, like the "cattle," or domestic animals
(and are proportionately useful in the general scheme of things as they do so); or
they may run wild, taking their own imperious way, like the "beast of the earth,"
leaving destruction and misery in their train, or they may simply grovel and wallow
in earthiness like the "creeping thing."
On the second part of this day the Lord of the whole creation is seen as a man,
but associated with him is a
companion who was taken from his side during his deep
sleep (Gen. 2:21-25), just as "the church of God which was purchased by his own blood*
(Acts 20:28) is the result of His death and is referred to as His bride, sharing in
all he has. (Eph. 5t23-33; Rev. 21:9-17~.
Finally there is Rest in all the work fully and well accomplished on the one
perfect day, the seventh, referred to already as the one in which the temporal and
eternal are united, as they are united in Christ in whom all God's purposes are to
be consummated (Eph. 1:10; Col. 1:20).
There is also an historical outline contained in the chapter - ("Known unto
God are all his works from the beginning of the world" Acts 15:18) - which has not
been touched upon, as it would prolong this paper unduly to take it up now, but
doubtless sufficient internal evidence has been developed of a logical, orderly
progression of idea, corresponding with the development of spiritual life as set
forth in later scriptures, to show that the Holy Spirit of God is the author of the
according to its claim.
It has long since been remarked that the order of development shown by the
researches-of geology corresponds with the order shown in this
chapter, viz: - that the earth was once a watery waste, later so3idified and that vegetable life appeared
first, followed by fish and bird life (in the order named, then the quadruped and
finally man. Also the simple processes of nature which we see in operation around
us every day teach us the principal of new, or resurrection$ life, on a higher
plan, after death, which is in perfect harmony with the teaching of the Bible throughout.
Therefore, this view has the advantage over the theory of evolution that it rests on
present-day facts "which may be observed and verified as often as we like," and is
not based on hypotheses and deductions, as the theory of evolution notoriously
is. Furthermore, those who hold the view which agrees with the Bible teaching are not
obliged to retire behind a curtain of many millions of years, like the spiritualist
into his dark cabinet, "their wonders to perform," but can point to present-day processes of nature in confirmation of their
faith. Finally, if nature set out on her career by a gradual process of developing lower into higher forms of
life, at what point did she reverse the process, so that what we observe taking place every
day, at present.. is the exact contrary of this method: i.e. we see lower becoming
higher forms by being lifted up by the higher, losing their former identity in the
process, and being translated, as it were into a new form of life. In other words
they are raised by power from above, and all power on the earth is from above. The
rain from heaven which sustains life on the eart0h was raised by power from above in
the sun. The heat value in coal, oil, and wood was all derived originally from the
sun, or in other words from above. Furthermore, man is able to control, within
certain limits# and very rarely to modify the forms and habits of the animal and
vegetable kingdoms beneath him, although if he withdraws his controlling guardianship
they very quickly revert to their original type. But their showing themselves to be
plastic to a limited extent in the hands of a higher power, in accordance with the
law which me see in operation everywhere, proves exactly the contrary of their being
able to raise themselves. Yet Mr. Darwin, in his "Origin of Species" devotes the
first half of his book to citing what everyone knows, and has known from very ancient
times, of the possibilities of breeding to modify species "only-so long, however, as
man, the higher power, retains
his control" as a basis for his argument in the latter
half of his book that the species have been able to modify themselves along the same
lines, or in other words, to raise themselves to a higher plane by power from
beneath, or within themselves. Nature's laws do not contradict themselves after this
"Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum:"
If man has come up from an indefinite past of millions of years, slowly advancing and
developing, then he is bound, for an equally indefinite future and has no
positive knowledge of any authority to
which he is
responsible for his actions beyond
the light of
own reason, As a matter of fact, this logical result of that position
is now being taught in the principal universities as the only binding code of morals.
If this be true, then the Bible is a collection of the most colossal falsehoods that
could be imagined, for it makes the most definite and precise statements regarding
man's past and his future, as well as his responsibility to his Creator-God, and
claims the authority of the eternal God for these statements. It is time for the
learned gentlemen who have been patronizing the Bible as a good book, and at the
same time flatly denying its statements, to take their stand either with it or
against it. One cannot consistently hold to evolution and the Bible at the same
time, for there is nothing equivocal about its statements.
The teaching of evolution is shown to produce lawlessness, so far as any
fixed standard of righteousness is concerned, and there is no doubt that the rising
tide of lawlessness and crime witnessed in recent years is largely due to the discrediting of the Bible by its false
friends, and the consequent loss of respect for
its authority as the revelation of God,
turn removes the restraint which
it formerly exercised over the actions of men.